Gone are the days when inability to have children naturally meant having to suffer the pain of childlessness. In the post millennial era, various medically assisted methods have emerged that have come as a blessing to many couples. Methods may be medicinal or internally assisted or completely external in nature.
The most popular methods under each category are fertility treatments, in vitro fertilization (IVF) and surrogacy, respectively. These methods are collectively known as Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART). Of these methods, IVF enjoys a comparatively higher degree of overall parenthood satisfaction. Fertility treatments are not foolproof. Their effectiveness depends to a great extent on the biological frame and medical histories of both parents. Also, the role of an experienced obstetrician cannot be overruled to help patients achieve the desired result without any complication.
However, surrogacy is a completely external process. The original parents only receive the joy of parenthood. This is the holistic satisfaction that IVF provides. This method has also proved to be effective in cases where other assisted reproductive technologies have failed.
In the process of IVF, an ovum and a sperm is taken from each parent respectively and is allowed to fertilize in a petri dish filled with a specific chemical compound in a laboratory. Fertilization and some amount of initial cell multiplication and growth take between 2-6 days to form the very first signs of a human embryo. Once this embryo is observed to have started forming, it is taken out of the petri dish and implanted into the uterus of the mother. Implanting this embryo into the uterus of another woman is the process of surrogacy. Then, the embryo is left to grow and develop naturally in the mother’s womb just as in the process of natural pregnancy. This process allows the mother to actually experience natural pregnancy. And, it also allows both parents to experience the entire transition from childbearing to childbirth.
For couples that are so keen for children that they are willing to go the extra distance of seeking specific medical help, experiencing the entire process of childbearing to childbirth to parenthood indeed remains a memory they can cherish. But, IVF is an extremely delicate and specialized procedure. It needs the highest levels of medical expertise and experience to perform successfully.